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Treatments for Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

The treatment goals of CAD are to:

  • Alleviate immediate angina symptoms
  • Improve heart function and prevent permanent heart damage in the future

Generally, CAD is treated with a combination of lifestyle changes, medications, and in some cases, surgery. These treatments are meant to slow or reverse plaque build-up, dilate arteries to improve blood flow, and prevent other complications that accompany CAD.

If you have any underlying conditions that contribute to CAD, such as lipid disorders or diabetes, they will need to be managed as well.

It is likely you will have a health care team that is made up of doctors, surgeons, nurses, pharmacists, and other health professionals. It is important to maintain contact with your medical team, adhere to recommended treatment, and go to any recommended appointments.

Plaque Blocking an Artery
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Treatment for CAD involves the following:

Lifestyle changesMedicationsSurgeryAlternative and complementary therapies

Revision Information

  • Coronary artery disease (CAD). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated December 4, 2015. Accessed March 2, 2016.

  • How is coronary heart disease treated? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: Updated October 23, 2015. Accessed March 2, 2016.