Health Information

Treatments for Hyperthyroidism

Treatment and outcomes will depend on your age, the severity of your symptoms, the cause of the hyperthyroidism, and whether you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

The treatment and management of hyperthyroidism involves anti-thyroidal medications and possibly radioactive iodine or surgery. The goal is to reduce the activity of the thyroid gland and achieve a normal level of thyroid hormone in your body.

Treatment may involve one of the following:

MedicationsSurgeryOther treatments—radioactive iodine

Revision Information

  • American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists website. Available at: http://www.aace.com/ .

  • American Thyroid Association website. Available at: http://www.thyroid.org/ .

  • Metso S, Jaatinen P, Huhtala H, et al. Long-term follow-up study of radioiodine treatment for hyperthyroidism. Clin Endocrinol . 2004:61:641-648.

  • Pearce EN. Diagnosis and management of thyrotoxicosis. Brit Med J . 2006;332:1369-1373.

  • Thyroid Foundation of Canada website. Available at: http://www.thyroid.ca/ .