|Brain Trauma from Whiplash|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Motor vehicle accidents
- Fires and burns
- Other physical assault
- Fire, flood, earthquake, lightening, or other natural disaster
- Contact sports
- Electrical shock
- Animal attacks
- Plane crashes
- Breathing problems
- Loss of feeling and/or muscle strength
- Blood pressure measurement
- Respiratory monitoring
- Electrocardiogram (EKG)
- Resuscitation and/or stabilization to normalize vital signs, control blood loss, and restore organ function
- Further surgeries and/or treatments
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) to address ongoing psychological symptoms from the trauma
- Always use seat belts.
- Never drive or operate any equipment while under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Certain medications can be dangerous as well.
- Do not use a cell phone while driving.
- Keep poisons, medication, and cleaning supplies locked up. Keep them away from small children.
- Teach children to swim. Teach all family members about water safety.
- Develop a fire safety plan.
- Make sure all alarm and fire equipment is up to date such as smoke alarms, carbon monoxide alarms, and fire extinguishers.
- If you have firearms in the house, make sure they are kept unloaded. Keep them in a locked location.
- Wear helmets while biking.
- Wear the right safety equipment for all sports and recreation activities.
- Wear appropriate protective gear when using power tools.
- Help prevent falls in the home. Install night-lights, grab bars, and hand rails.
- Avoid putting yourself at risk for an accident, violence, or other physical trauma.
American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
National Safety Council http://www.nsc.org
Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians http://www.caep.ca
Trauma Association of Canada http://www.traumacanada.org
Majou R, Farmer A. ABC of psychological medicine: trauma. BMJ. 2002;325:426.
Trauma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Accessed September 15, 2014. Accessed November 4, 2014.
Trauma fact sheet. National Institute of General Medical Sciences website. Available at: http://www.nigms.nih.gov/Education/pages/Factsheet%5FTrauma.aspx. Updated November 2012. Accessed November 4, 2014.
- Reviewer: Peter Lucas, MD
- Review Date: 11/2014 -
- Update Date: 01/07/2013 -