Risk Factors for Arrhythmias (Heart Rhythm Disturbances)
Medications and Other Substances
- Nicotine from smoking cigarettes or other tobacco products
- Excess alcohol intake
- Excess caffeine
- Over-the-counter medications, such as cough and cold medicines
- Dietary and herbal supplements
- Prescription medications that are used to treat:
- Illegal stimulants, such as cocaine and methedrine
Other Risk Factors
Barsky AJ, Cleary PD, et al. The clinical course of palpitations in medical outpatients. Arch Intern Med.. 1995;155:1782.
Lok NS, Lau CP. Prevalence of palpitations, cardiac arrhythmias and their associated risk factors in ambulant elderly. Int J Cardiol 1996;54:231.
Mostofsky E, Penner EA, et al. Outbursts of anger as a trigger of acute cardiovascular events: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur Heart J. [Epub 2014 Mar].
Murray-Thomas T, Jones ME, et al. Risk of mortality (including sudden cardiac death) and major cardiovascular events in atypical and typical antipsychotic users: a study with the general practice research database. Cardiovasc Psychiatry Neurol. [Epub 2013 Dec].
Peretto G, Durante A, et al. Postoperative arrhythmias after cardiac surgery: Incidence, risk factors, and therapeutic management. Cardiol Res Pract. [Epub 2014 Jan].
Sarter BH, Finkle JK, et al. What is the risk of sudden cardiac death in patients presenting with hemodynamically stable sustained ventricular tachycardia after myocardial infarction? J Am Coll Cardiol. 1996;28:122.
Understanding your risk for arrhythmia. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Arrhythmia/UnderstandYourRiskforArrhythmia/Understand-Your-Risk-for-Arrhythmia%5FUCM%5F002024%5FArticle.jsp. Updated October 25, 2012. Accessed March 19, 2014.
Who is at risk for an arrhythmia? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/arr/atrisk.html. Updated July 1, 2011. Accessed March 19, 2014.
7/1/2015 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Qureshi WT, O'Neal WT, Khodneva Y, et al. Association between opioid use and atrial fibrillation: The Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study. JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(6):1058-1060.
- Reviewer: Michael J. Fucci, DO
- Review Date: 12/2014 -
- Update Date: 07/01/2015 -