- Certain medications such as diuretics or beta-2-adrenergic agonists such as albuterol
- Kidney disease or failure—too much potassium excreted
- Significant elevation of glucose from poorly controlled diabetes
- Treatment of elevated glucose and ketoacidosis from poorly controlled diabetes
- Rapid refeeding after starvation
- Delirium tremens from severe alcohol withdrawal
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- Poor diet
- Eating disorders
- Excess alcohol intake
- Vomiting or diarrhea
- Muscle weakness
- Difficulty breathing
- Tingling or numbness
- Irregular heartbeat
- Blood tests
- Urine tests
- Magnesium—if it is also low
- Eat a diet that contains enough potassium.
- Manage conditions such as diabetes.
American Academy of Family Physicians http://www.aafp.org
American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists http://www.aace.com
The Canadian Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism http://www.endo-metab.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Hypokalemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 15, 2013. Accessed November 6, 2014.
Hypokalaemia. Patient UK website. Available at: http://www.patient.co.uk/doctor/hypokalaemia. Updated December 4, 2013. Accessed January 8, 2014.
Hypokalemia. NORD website. Available at: https://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/748/viewFullReport. Updated February 2, 2008. Accessed January 8, 2014.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 11/2014 -
- Update Date: 02/12/2014 -