|The Lungs (Cut-away View)|
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- Have AIDS
- Have cancer
- Are getting treatment for cancer
- Are using medications that may weaken the immune system, such as steroids
- Have a history of PCP infection
- Shortness of breath
- Dry cough
- Tightness or pain in the chest
- A vapor treatment to make you cough
- A bronchoscopy
- Oral or IV medications—anti-infectious agents and corticosteroids
- Supportive treatments to help with breathing
- You have HIV and your CD4 cell count falls below 200.
- You plan to use immune suppressing medications for a long period of time.
- You have other conditions such as a temperature above 100˚F that lasts for more than 2 weeks, or a fungal infection in your mouth or throat.
AIDS info—National Institutes of Health http://www.aids.info.nih.gov
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
Canadian Health Network http://www.canadian-health-network.ca
Canadian HIV/AIDS Information Centre http://www.cpha.ca
Pneumocystis pneumonia. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/fungal/diseases/pneumocystis-pneumonia/index.html. Accessed May 20, 2013.
Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP). Dynamed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 4, 2012. Accessed May 20, 2013.
Wilkin A, Feinberg J. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Am Fam Physician. 1999;15(60):1699-1708.
- Reviewer: David L. Horn, MD
- Review Date: 02/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/02/2014 -